Regulations made under health and safety legislation are sometimes supplemented by Codes of Practice approved and/or issued by the Health and Safety Commission.
Employees have health and safety duties as well as employers. This reflects the fact that for good safety management it is essential for the employer and employees to work together.
The Health and Safety Executive produces guidance on a number of health and safety issues, which will often be a great help to those with responsibility for health and safety, especially safety reps.
The important thing to remember is that stress is an organisational problem, not an individual weakness. If you are suffering from work-related stress, your employer has a legal duty to tackle it. There is no stigma attached to asking for help.
Health and safety laws clearly place most health and safety duties with the employer.
Two of the most important pieces of health and safety legislation are the Health and Safety at Work, etc Act 1974 and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999.
Employers are under a general duty to ensure the health, safety and welfare of employees, so far as is reasonably practicable. This requirement extends to protecting employees and others from temperature extremes.
The law relating to health and safety issues for work with computers is contained in the Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992, which define a 'user' as an employee who habitually uses display screen equipment as a significant part of their normal work.
The purpose of accident investigation is to establish how an accident happened, and how to prevent it from happening again. If you are a safety representative, you may, at some point, be asked to assist an employee who has been injured in the workplace and/or participate in accident investigation.
An accident is an unplanned event that results in injury, damage to property or some other loss. The law requires that certain work-related accidents are reported to the local authority or the Health and Safety Executive.